Heart attacks and cardiovascular (Cardiac Biomarkers) diseases have become the leading cause of death globally. In fact, in the year 2019 alone an estimated 17.9 million people died due to this disease which contributed to te 32% of the global death. The numbers are horrifying and scientists are doing their best to find new ways to tackle them. With a rapidly changing lifestyle majority of people are bending towards the unhealthy side of the diet chart which increases the risks of developing CVDs.
One of the main reasons this disease is such a big concern is that the symptoms of the disease are very mild and can be misunderstood for other common discomforts. Some of the obvious symptoms include chest pain, sweating, shortness of breath, palpitations, etc. but some of the minor symptoms that might go undiagnosed are symptoms like shoulder pain, burning sensation, fatigue, vomiting, discomfort in the neck and arm, etc. sounds like normal once a week discomforts right?
One of the breakthroughs was made by using biological markers and genetics to aid with the early diagnosis and prevention of CVDs. These biological markers are cardiac enzymes that can be obtained by a simple blood test.
In case of damage to the heart muscle, these biomarkers get released into the bloodstream and early detection can help to take important and appropriate clinical measures. Some of these biomarkers are Cardiac troponins, CK-MB, Myoglobin, LDH, and Alanine Transaminase levels (SGOT).
Having a DNA test can help to analyze your health history and assess acute coronary syndrome propensity, incidence, and other occurrences. This can help to take precautions in advance and treat the condition.