Genetic testing is done to check for the risk of having a harmful mutation in the BRCA gene which can cause breast or ovarian cancer. The BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene plays an important role in fighting cancer since these are tumor suppressor genes. These gene checks the breasts cells and ovarian cells to keep them from dividing uncontrollably and any kind of harmful mutation in these genes means an increased risk of developing breast cancer or ovarian cancer. BRCA gene mutation can cause various types of cancers like breast cancer, male breast cancer, ovarian cancer, prostate cancer, melanoma, and pancreatic cancer.
People who are at a higher risk of developing or inheriting this type of gene are:
What are the risks that are associated with this genetic testing?
As this genetic test is done based on results from DNA obtained from your blood sample there are no major medical risks other than the slight side-effects like lightheadedness, bruising, or bleeding after extraction of the blood sample.